- Robert of Gloucester
- (fl. 1260–1300)Robert of Gloucester is credited with writing a late 13th-century MIDDLE ENGLISH verse chronicle of England that, in its full version, begins with the legendary founding of the island by Brutus and comes to an end with the death of Henry III and the ascension of Edward I in 1272. It is certain that at least three writers are responsible for the chronicle, which survives in two different versions, each with seven extant manuscripts. Robert was responsible probably only for the later material in the longer version of the text.Some scholars have suggested that Robert was a secular clerk, partly because none of the 14 extant manuscripts of the chronicle appear to have been produced at a monastic scriptorium.Most scholars, however, assume that Robert was a monk at the monastery of St. Peter’s in Gloucester, and that the text of the entire chronicle was ultimately compiled there.What is called the early version of the chronicle includes some 12,000 lines; the later or shorter version is 10,000 lines of verse. The author uses couplets of 14-syllable lines, with caesuras or breaks generally after the eighth syllable of each line. Both versions of the chronicle begin with the text of an earlier, apparently anonymous chronicle starting with the story of Brutus and running through the death of King Henry I (1135). This portion of the text relies heavily on the pseudohistory of GEOFFREY OF MONMOUTH, and supplements this with information from the Latin history of HENRY OF HUNTINGDON. The chronicle spends a good deal of time on the story of King ARTHUR, and has the distinction of being the second text in English, after LAYAMON’s Brut, to deal with the Arthurian story. In doing so, the writer seems to have made some use of Layamon’s text as well, and appears to have had some acquaintance with Arthurian ROMANCES, since he emphasizes Sir GAWAIN as the flower of courtesy.The portion of the text probably written by Robert of Gloucester is the continuation of the history after the death of Henry I, from the reign of King Stephen down through the death of Henry III, in the longer version of the text. This is the most significant portion of the chronicle, since it seems to contain firsthand accounts of some historical events, especially the town and gown riots that took place in Oxford in 1263, and the Battle of Evesham in 1265, at which Simon de Montfort was killed.The shorter version of the history, which also begins with the reign of Stephen and ends with the ascension of Edward in 1272, appears to be by a different hand than Robert’s longer text. It also adds some new material from Geoffrey of Monmouth and from Layamon to the earlier history. The chronicle was popular through the Middle Ages and into the early modern period, and was widely influential on other historians through the 18th century. Its description of Simon de Montfort’s death has been long admired, as has its loving praise of England. In addition to his chronicle, Robert of Gloucester was once proposed as the author of the SOUTH ENGLISH LEGENDARY, with which the chronicle has some stylistic and linguistic similarities, but that attribution is no longer seriously considered.Bibliography■ Gransden,Antonia.Historical Writing in England, c. 550 to c. 1307. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1974.■ Robert of Gloucester. The Metrical Chronicle of Robert of Gloucester. Edited by W. A.Wright. 2 vols. London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1887.
Encyclopedia of medieval literature. 2013.
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Robert de Gloucester — Robert de Gloucester[n 1] (vers 1090 – 31 octobre 1147, Bristol), 1er comte de Gloucester, fut pendant la guerre civile pour la couronne d Angleterre le commandant en chef du parti de sa demi sœur Mathilde l Emperesse et donc, l opposant… … Wikipédia en Français
Robert de gloucester — Robert de Gloucester[n 1] (vers 1090 – 31 octobre 1147, Bristol), 1er comte de Gloucester, fut pendant la guerre civile pour la couronne d Angleterre le commandant en chef du parti de sa demi sœur Mathilde l Emperesse et donc, l opposant… … Wikipédia en Français
Robert de Gloucester — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El conde Robert de Gloucester (1090 31 de octubre de 1147) fue uno de los hijos bastardos del rey Enrique I de Inglaterra, y una de las figuras más importantes del período de la anarquía inglesa del siglo XII. Robert … Wikipedia Español
Robert of Gloucester — may refer to one of two historical contemporaries:*Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester ( 1090 31 October 1147), a major figure in The Anarchy and supporter of Empress Matilda against King Stephen*Robert of Gloucester (historian) (dates unknown), who… … Wikipedia
Robert of Gloucester — [ rɔbət əv glɔstə], englischer Dichter, * um 1260, ✝ 1300; wahrscheinlich Mönch in der Abtei von Gloucester; gilt als Hauptautor der einzigen im 13. Jahrhundert in englischer Sprache entstandenen Verschronik (»The metrical chronicle«,… … Universal-Lexikon
Robert de Gloucester — El conde Robert de Gloucester (1090 31 de octubre de 1147) fue uno de los hijos bastardos del rey Enrique I de Inglaterra, y una de las figuras más importantes del período de la anarquía inglesa del siglo XII. Robert era probablemente el mayor de … Enciclopedia Universal
Robert Of Gloucester — ▪ English historian flourished 1260–1300 early Middle English chronicler known only through his connection with the work called “The Chronicle of Robert of Gloucester” a vernacular history of England from its legendary founding by Brut… … Universalium
Robert of Gloucester (historian) — Robert of Gloucester wrote a chronicle of British, English, and Norman history sometime in the mid or late thirteenth century. The Chronicle survives in some 16 manuscripts, ranging in date from the early fourteenth to mid fifteenth centuries,… … Wikipedia
Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester — (c. 1090 ndash; October 31, 1147) was an illegitimate son of King Henry I of England, and one of the dominant figures of the period of English history sometimes called The Anarchy. He is also known as Robert of Caen, and Robert the Consul ,… … Wikipedia
Robert II de Beaumont — Robert (II) de Beaumont dit le Bossu (1104 – 5 avril 1168), 2e comte de Leicester, fut un important baron anglo normand et un justicier d Angleterre. Sommaire 1 Biographie 1.1 Début de carrière 1 … Wikipédia en Français